Effect of Curcumol on NOD-Like Receptor Thermoprotein Domain 3 Inflammasomes in Liver Fibrosis of Mice.
Chin J Integr Med. 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28. PMID: 34319504
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of curcumol on NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes, and analyze the mechanism underlying curcumol against liver fibrosis.
METHODS: Thirty Kunming mice were divided into a control group, a model group and a curcumol group according to a random number table, 10 mice in each group. Mice were intraperitoneally injected with 40% carbon tetrachloride (CCl:peanut oil, 2:3 preparation) at 5 mL/kg for 6 weeks, twice a week, for developing a liver fibrosis model. The mice in the control group were given the same amount of peanut oil twice a week for 6 weeks. The mice in the curcumol group were given curcumol (30 mL/kg) intragastrically, and the mice in the model and control groups were given the same amount of normal saline once a day for 6 weeks. Changes in liver structure were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson staining. Liver function, liver fiber indices, and the expression of interleukin (IL)-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit. Immunoblotting and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) were performed to detect the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-related molecules, TGF-β and collagen.
RESULTS: HE and Masson staining results showed that the hepatocytes of the model group were arranged irregularly with pseudo-lobular structure and a large amount of collagen deposition. The mice in the curcumol group had a significant decrease in liver function and liver fibers indices compared with the model group (P<0.05); RT-qPCR and Western blotting results reveal that, in the curcumol group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β, Caspase 1 and gasdermin D decreased significantly compared with the model group (P<0.05); immunohistochemical results showed that in the curcumol group, the protein expression levels of NLRP3 and IL-1β decreased significantly compared with the model group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: A potential anti-liver fibrosis mechanism of curcumol may be associated with the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasomes and decreasing the downstream inflammatory response.