Potential renoprotective effects of silymarin against vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Potential renoprotective effects of silymarin against vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
Drug Chem Toxicol. 2019 Mar 12:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 12. PMID: 30862206
Silymarin (SLY), a flavonoid complex isolated from the seeds of Silybum marianum (Asteraceae), has antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-lipid peroxidative effects. Vancomycin (VA), used for treating serious infections, has been associated with nephrotoxicity, which limits its use. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the potential renoprotective effects of SLY on VA-induced nephrotoxicity using renal, apoptotic (caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 enzyme activities), and oxidative stress [nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA)] markers; serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels; and histopathological examination. A total of 49 male Wistar albino rats were used (n = 7): control [saline, intraperitoneally (i.p.)], dimethyl sulfoxide (i.p.), VA [400 mg/(kg-day), i.p.], SLY100 [100 mg/(kg-day), i.p.], VA + SLY50 [50 mg/(kg-day), i.p.], VA + SLY100 [100 mg/(kg-day), i.p.], and VA + SLY200 [200 mg/(kg-day), i.p.]. SLY was administered once daily for 8 days. One day after the first treatment of SLY, VA administration was started and continued for 7 days. The levels of serum creatinine and BUN were evaluated using ELISA, caspase enzyme activities and levels of MDA and NO in the kidney tissues were evaluated by the colorimetric methods. The serum BUN, creatinine, NO, MDA levels, and caspase activities were significantly higher in VA group than in control (p < 0.05). However, caspase activities were significantly lower in VA + SLY200 than in VA (p < 0.05). The MDA, serum BUN, and creatinine levels were significantly lower in VA + SLY (50, 100, and 200) groups than in VA group (p < 0.05). VA + SLY200 was found to be the most effective group based on the caspase activities; MDA, NO, serum BUN, creatinine levels; and histopathological findings.