Potential Use of 1-25-dihydroxyvitamin D in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Papillary Thyroid Cancer.
Med Sci Monit. 2018 Mar 19 ;24:1614-1623. Epub 2018 Mar 19. PMID: 29553126
BACKGROUND Low levels of 1-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] in serum may be a risk factor for several tumor types. Also, high cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) expression is regarded to be important against tumor progression. We evaluated the potential importance of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the diagnosis and treatment of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). MATERIAL AND METHODS The preoperative serum level of 1,25(OH)2D3 was measured using a double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Vitamin D3 receptor (VDR) expression was detected by streptavidin-peroxidase immunohistochemical staining in PTC specimens. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created to assess the diagnostic value of 1,25(OH)2D3. The effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the proliferation and apoptosis of PTC cell lines were studied by Cell Counting Kit (CCK)-8 assay and Annexin V/propidium iodide staining, respectively. CAMP expression was measured by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Short interfering RNAs were used to reduce CAMP expression in PTC cell lines. RESULTS The preoperative serum level of 1,25(OH)2D3 in PTC was obviously lower than that in nodular goiter (NG) (P<0.05). The ROC curve suggested that 1,25(OH)2D3 might serve as a potential diagnostic value at a cutoff of 20.13 pg/mL, The VDR showed higher expression in PTC than in paired adjacent non-cancerous tissue. 1,25(OH)2D3 inhibited the proliferation and induced the apoptosis of PTC cells, and increased CAMP expression significantly, whereas CAMP knockdown demonstrated opposite effects. CONCLUSIONS 1,25(OH)2D3 may be a new, potential biomarker for the identification of PTC and NG. It may also become 1,25(OH)2D3 may a potential target for drug action to treat PTC through CAMP.