Potential Use of Amla (L.) Fruit Extract to Protect Skin Keratinocytes from Inflammation and Apoptosis after UVB Irradiation.
Antioxidants (Basel). 2021 Apr 29 ;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29. PMID: 33946757
Ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure is the primary risk factor for the deadliest type of skin cancer-melanoma. Incorporating natural antioxidants in skin protection products is currently a favored research theme. For this study, we selectedL. fruit extract (PE) to assess its potential use in dermal protection against UVB-induced keratinocyte inflammation and apoptosis. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to investigate PE's phytochemical constituents (ascorbic acid, ellagic acid, gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, and quercetin), while ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), total ROS, OH, O, and HO-scavenging activities were used to determine the antioxidant properties. PE significantly increased the cell viability (MTT assay) and reduced apoptosis (Hoechst staining) in HaCaT cells exposed to UVB (40 mJ/cm). PE abolished oxidative stress by reducing the production of intracellular ROS, Oand HOproduction. Catalase activity (but not superoxide dismutase or glutathione peroxidase activity) was enhanced in keratinocytes incubated with PE prior to UVB exposure. Western blot analysis suggested that PE inhibited cytochrome c release and inhibited the dysregulation of PI3K/Akt without any impact on p38 activation. PE attenuated the inflammatory response to UVB irradiation by inhibiting AP-1, NF-κB, and the mediator PGE. Thus, PE is a candidate with great potential for use as an active ingredient in skin care products.