Potential use of kiwifruit extract for treatment of melanoma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Potential use of kiwifruit extract for treatment of melanoma.
Med Oncol. 2021 Feb 14 ;38(3):25. Epub 2021 Feb 14. PMID: 33586074
Skin cancers are the most common cancers in the world and among the different types of skin cancers, melanoma is the deadliest and incidence is rising. Previous studies have shown promising in vitro and human evidence of kiwifruit exhibiting anti-cancer effects. This study was designed to investigate if kiwifruit extract (KE) has any effect on CRL-11147 melanoma cancer cells and to investigate the possible mechanisms behind the results. The effects of KE on CRL-11147 melanoma cell survival, proliferation, and apoptosis was investigated using clonogenic survival assay, cell proliferation, and caspase-3 activity kits. Potential anti-tumor molecular mechanisms were elucidated using RT-PCR and IHC. Addition of KE decreased CRL-11147 cell colonies percentages indicated by a decreased optical density value of cancer cells when compared to control. Furthermore, treatment with KE increased relative caspase-3 activity in cancer cells, which indicated increased apoptosis of cancer cells. The anti-proliferative effect of KE on cancer cells corresponded with decreased expression of the pro-proliferative molecule Cyclin E and CDK4, while increased expression of the pro-apoptotic molecule TRAILR1 corresponded with the pro-apoptotic effect. KE decreases CRL-11147 melanoma cell growth via downregulation of Cyclin E and CDK4 and upregulation in TRAILR1. Our study suggests a potential use for KE in treatment of melanoma.