Pre-germinated brown rice extract ameliorates high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Pre-germinated brown rice extract ameliorates high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome.
J Food Biochem. 2019 Mar ;43(3):e12769. Epub 2019 Jan 13. PMID: 31353547
This study examined the effect of pre-germinated brown rice extract (PGBRE), containing no dietary fibers, butγ-oryzanol, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), flavonoids, and anthocyanidin, on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome. C57BL/6 mice were divided into five groups: regular diet, HFD, HFD with oral PGBRE 30, 300, or 600 mg/kg per day for 18 weeks. In the HFD group, higher body and liver weightgain, hyperglycemia, HbA1c, and insulin; higher TG, TC, LDL-C, non-HDL, atherosclerosis index, lower HDL, adiponectin in blood; higher TG in the liver; higher TG, bile acid in feces; and lower protein levels of AMP-activated protein kinase, insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate-1, insulin receptor substrate-2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, Akt/PKB, glucose transporter-1, glucose transporter-4, glucokinase in the skeletal muscle; lower glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) in the intestine; higher sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1), fatty acid synthase (FAS), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), and lower PPAR-α, low-density lipoprotein receptor, cholesterol-7α-hydroxylase in the liver; higher SREBP-1, SCD-1, FAS, and lower PPAR-α, adiponectin in the adipose tissue were found. In HFD + PGBRE groups, the above biochemical parameters were improved. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: According to the results, we suggested that dietary fibers played a minor role in this study. Extract of PGBR, excluding dietary fiber, showed beneficial activity to ameliorate metabolic syndrome. γ-oryzanol, GABA, flavonoids, and anthocyanidin in PGBRE can inhibit HFD-induced metabolic syndrome and we demonstrated clearly its action mechanisms. This is the first report to examine the relation between PGBRE, GLP-1, and PCSK9. Taken together, PGBRE can potentially be used to develop a good supplement to control metabolic syndrome.