Protective effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum L. (Darchini) in acetaminophen-induced oxidative stress, hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in mouse model.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Jan ;109:2285-2292. Epub 2018 Nov 28. PMID: 30551486
Cinnamomum zeylanicum, a widely used spice and flavor, is used in the treatment and prevention of many diseases. In the current study, Balb/c mice were pretreated with cinnamon bark aqueous extract (200 mg/kg/day i.g.) 14 days prior to intragastrically administer single toxic dose of acetaminophen (200 mg/kg). Blood samples were collected for analysis of biochemical and oxidative stress parameters and liver and kidney samples were collected for histopathological analysis. The results indicatethat cinnamon aqueous extract exhibit a highly significant preventive potential by ameliorating APAP-induced elevated levels of serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine, urea and macroscopic and histological alterations in liver and kidney. Moreover, significant increase in total oxidant status and decrease in total antioxidant capacity accompanied by APAP exposure, were restored by cinnamon pretreatment. We found that prior administration of cinnamon prevented the toxic changes induced by acetaminophen as confirmed by histopathological examination, more possiblyowing to its antioxidant potential. In conclusion, the pretreatment with cinnamon provide potential therapeutic applications in acute liver and kidney injury induced by APAP in experimental animal model and it could have therapeutic potential in oxidative stress associated diseases.