Prenatal and postnatal exposure to BPA was related to an increased risk of childhood asthma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Prenatal and postnatal exposure to Bisphenol A and Asthma: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
J Thorac Dis. 2021 Mar ;13(3):1684-1696. PMID: 33841959
Background: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a plasticizer with high production and ubiquitous usage in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. The association between prenatal or postnatal exposure to BPA and childhood wheeze/asthma has not been well established. Our study aimed to provide further justification for the current studies.
Methods: Studies were searched from PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and Embase from inception until Sep 15, 2020. Meta-analysis was performed to calculate pooled adjusted odds ratios (aOR). The methodological quality of included studies was assessed by using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS).
Results: Of 2,814 screened articles, 9 studies with 3,885 participants were included in the final analysis. When all studies were pooled, postnatal exposure to BPA was associated with a higher risk of childhood asthma (aOR =1.43; 95% CI: 1.28-1.59) or childhood wheeze (aOR =1.38; 95% CI: 1.18-1.62). Prenatal exposure to BPA had a small but significant increased risk of childhood asthma (aOR =1.17; 95% CI: 1.01-1.34). An increased risk of childhood wheeze was related to prenatal exposure to BPA at 16 weeks' gestation (aOR =1.29; 95% CI: 1.07-1.55), but not at 26 weeks' gestation (aOR =1.07; 95% CI: 0.88-1.29) nor at random-time gestation (aOR =1.02; 95% CI: 0.89-1.16).
Conclusions: Prenatal and postnatal exposure to BPA was related to an increased risk of childhood asthma. However, only postnatal and early gestational exposure (at 16 weeks) to BPA could induce the risk of childhood wheeze, but not late gestational exposure (at 26 weeks).