Coenzyme Q10 ameliorates cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in hyperglycemic rats.
Pathol Res Pract. 2017 Sep ;213(9):1191-1199. Epub 2017 Jun 15. PMID: 28698101
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in hyperglycemic rats and the possible involved mechanisms. In this study, we established the transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 30min in the rats with diabetic hyperglycemia. The neurological deficit score, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and pathohistology are applied to detect the extent of the damage. The expression of Fis1, Mfn2 and Lc3 in the brain is investigated by immunohistochemical and Western blotting techniques. The results showed that the streptozotocin-induced diabetic hyperglycemia and MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia were successfully prepared in rats. In the hyperglycemic group, the neurological deficit scores, infarct volumes, and number of pyknotic cells were higher than that in the normalglycemic group at 24h and/or 72h reperfusion. Pretreated with CoQ10 (10mg/kg) for four weeks could significantly reduce the neurological scores, infarct volume, and pyknotic cells at 24h and/or 72h reperfusion of the hyperglycemic rats compared with non-CoQ10 pretreated hyperglycemic animals. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting showed that pretreatment with CoQ10 or insulin could significantly reduce the expression of Fis1 protein in the brain at 24h and 72h reperfusion. Inversely, a significantly increased expression of Mfn2 was observed in the rats CoQ10 or insulin pretreated at 24h and/or 72h reperfusion when compared with matched hyperglycemic rats. These results demonstrated that hyperglycemia could aggravate ischemic brain injury. Pretreatment with CoQ10 might ameliorate the diabetic hyperglycemia aggravated I/R brain damage in the MCAO rats by maintain the balance between mitochondrial fission and fusion.