Preventive effect and mechanism of puerarin on rat models of disuse osteoporosis - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Preventive effect and mechanism of puerarin on rat models of disuse osteoporosis].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2019 Feb ;44(3):535-540. PMID: 30989919
To investigate the preventive effect and possible mechanism of puerarin(Pur) in rat model of disuse osteoporosis(DOP),thirty healthy Wistar female rats of 2 months old were randomly divided into control group(Control), hindlimb suspension group(HLS), and puerarin group(HLS+Pur) in hindlimb suspension, with 10 rats in each group. A disuse osteoporosis model was established by tail suspension method, and 15.4 mg·kg~(-1) puerarin suspension was administered to HLS+Pur group every day, and the same volume of distilled water was administered to Control group and HLS group respectively. After 28 days, the rats were sacrificed by abdominal aorta blood collection, the main organs of the rats were removed, and the bone tissues of the rats were dissected. The organ index of the rats was calculated and the histopathology of the organs was observed under microscope. Bone mineral density test and bone biomechanical experiment were performed. Bone histomorphometry results were observed after bone tissue sectioning, and serum biochemical markers of bone metabolism were determined. There was no significant difference in organ index between the groups. There was no obvious abnormality in the pathological examination of the organs. The results of bone mineral density showed that puerarin could significantly increase the bone density of the tibia and vertebrae caused by hindlimb suspension. The mechanical parameters experiments showed that puerarin could effectively increase the maximum load and elastic modulus of the tibia and vertebrae. Fluorescence labeling showed that the fluorosis interval increasedand the bone formation increased during puerarin treatment. The VG staining results showed that compared with the HLS group, in the puerarin group, the number of trabecular bone increased, the thickness of the trabecular bone became thicker, and the bone separation became smaller, which greatly improved the bone microstructure after hindlinb suspension. In addition, serum biochemical indicators showed that puerarin could promote bone formation index bone calcium. The content of osteocalcin(OC) increased and inhibited the formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5 b(TRACP 5 b). Puerarin has a preventive effect in the rat model of disuse osteoporosis and its effect is good, and its mechanism may be related to promoting bone formation and inhibiting bone resorption.