Proanthocyanidins attenuate breast cancer-induced bone metastasis by inhibiting Irf-3/c-jun activation.
Anticancer Drugs. 2019 Oct 22. Epub 2019 Oct 22. PMID: 31651438
We have previously demonstrated the pivotal role of Jnk-mediated Irf-3/c-Jun in regulating nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis. Here, we demonstrated that proanthocyanidins (PACs) target Irf-3 to alleviate breast cancer-induced activation of osteoclasts. We also found that PACs induced apoptosis of osteoclast precursors by upregulating the ratio of bax/bcl-2 and activating caspase-3 activity. Such bone protective effect also could be observed in a bone metastasis model of breast cancer. These findings provided a novel therapeutic intervention targeting abnormal bone metabolism to alleviate bone metastasis of breast cancer.