Probiotic assisted weight management as a main factor for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2019 ;11:5. Epub 2019 Jan 15. PMID: 30675190
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of01 on dietary intake, body weight, and glycemic control in patients with T2DM.
Method: Forty patients with T2DM (n = 20 for each group) were assigned into two groups in present trial. The patients in the probiotic group received a daily capsule containing a minimum of 108 CFU of01 for 8 week. The placebo group took capsules filled with maltodextrin for the same time period. Dietary intake questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were collected, and the participants were assessed by an endocrinologist at baseline and at the end of the trial.
Results: 01 supplementation significantly decreased total energy, carbohydrate, fat, and protein intake compared with placebo (p = 0.001, p = 0.002, p = 0.009, p = 0.001; respectively). Moreover weight, BMI, and waist circumference were significantly decreased in intervention group compared with placebo group (p < 0.001; p < 0.001; p = 0.029; respectively). In comparison with placebo group serum fetuin-A level, fasting blood sugar, insulin concentration, and insulin resistance were significantly decreased (p = 0.023, p =0.013, p = 0.028; p = 0.007; respectively), and serum SIRT1 level was significantly increased (p = 0.040) in intervention group.
Conclusions: 01 supplementation affected dietary intake and body weight in a way that improved fetuin-A and SIRT1 levels and glycemic response in subjects with T2DM. Affecting the fetuin-A and SIRT1 levels introduces a new known mechanism of probiotic action in diabetes management.