Bisphenol A contamination in infant rats: molecular, structural, and physiological cardiovascular changes and the protective role of kefir.
J Nutr Biochem. 2019 Oct 25 ;75:108254. Epub 2019 Oct 25. PMID: 31707283
Andreia G F Friques
The effects of bisphenol A (BPA) contamination on the cardiovascular function still are not clear. Here, we evaluated the vascular effects of BPA and the protective actions of kefir in infant rats. Animals (25 days old) were treated with BPA (100μg/Kg/day) for 60 days (BPA group), or administered kefir (0.3 mL/100 g) in addition to BPA (BPA kefir group), compared with non-treated rats (Control group).The vascular endothelial function was evaluated in aortic rings through the relaxation response to acetylcholine and specific blockers. The balance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) was assessed through flow cytometry in the vascular tissue. The BPA group developed high blood pressure (+10%) and the analysis of vascular reactivity showed an impaired ACh-induced relaxation (~80%). The further analysis by using NADPH, NOS and COX blockers revealed that the impaired vasorelaxation was due to increased ROS production (+12%), NO bioavailability (-12%) and increased vasoconstriction to prostanoids (+36%) compared with the Control group. Kefir treatment reverted those effects significantly. Analysis of the aorticcells showed increased •Oproduction (1942±39 a.u.) and decreased NO bioavailability (1250±30 a.u.) compared with the Control group (1374±146 and 2777±25 a.u., P<.05) and kefir reverted these values (1298±57 and 2517±57 a.u.). Contamination by BPA in this model caused hypertension and endothelial dysfunction and it was accompanied by a vascular ROS/NO imbalance, damage of endothelial layer and pro-apoptotic effects. The novelty is that the treatment using probiotic kefir was able to attenuate theprogression the above BPA effects.