Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Propionyl-L-carnitine in intermittent claudication: double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose titration, multicenter study.

Abstract Source:

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Nov 15;26(6):1411-6. PMID: 7594063

Abstract Author(s):

G Brevetti, S Perna, C Sabbá, V D Martone, M Condorelli

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose titration, multicenter trial was to assess the efficacy and safety of propionyl-carnitine in intermittent claudication. BACKGROUND: Human and animal studies indicate that propionyl-L-carnitine increases carnitine content and improves energy metabolism in the ischemic skeletal muscle. METHODS: After a 2-week preliminary period to assess maximal walking distance, 245 patients were randomly assigned to receive propionyl-L-carnitine (n = 118) or placebo (n = 127). The initial oral dose of 500 mg twice daily was increased at 2-month intervals to 2 g/day and then to 3 g/day in patients showing improvement in treadmill performance < 30% over baseline. Efficacy analysis was conducted for the 214 patients who completed the 24 weeks of treatment by comparing the effect of placebo and propionyl-L-carnitine on day 180. RESULTS: Analysis of variance showed a significant improvement of 73 +/- 9% (mean +/- SE) in maximal walking distance with propionyl-L-carnitine (n = 99) compared with 46 +/- 6% for placebo (n = 115, p = 0.03). For distance walked at onset of claudication, propionyl-L-carnitine showed about double the improvement of placebo; however, the difference was not statistically significant. There were no changes in electrocardiographic and routine biochemical and hematologic tests that would indicate an adverse effect of propionyl-L-carnitine. Adverse events requiring drug discontinuation (11 in the propionyl-L-carnitine group, 3 in the placebo group) were unrelated to study medication. The dose titration design of the study also provided information on the dose-response relation. Slightly less than 67% of patients were expected to improve their maximal walking distance by at least 30%, assuming 2 g/day of propionyl-L-carnitine (95% confidence interval 0.51 to 0.70). The response rate during the entire titration course was significantly in favor of propionyl-L-carnitine compared with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Although the precise mode of therapeutic action requires clarification, propionyl-L-carnitine, at a dose of 1 to 2 g/day, appears to be effective and well tolerated, with minimal adverse effects.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.