Protective effect of apigenin on ethylene glycol-induced urolithiasis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Protective effect of apigenin on ethylene glycol-induced urolithiasis via attenuating oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in adult male Wistar rats.
Life Sci. 2021 May 24:119641. Epub 2021 May 24. PMID: 34043992
AIMS: Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is one of the subclasses of flavonoids and has various pharmacological effects. The present work was carried out to study the effect of apigenin on ethylene glycol-induced kidney damage in male Wistar rats.
MAIN METHODS: We evaluated the effects of apigenin orally administrated in normal and urolithiatic rats. Animals were assigned to nine groups in random: normal control; apigenin alone (0.005, 0.01, and 0.02 g/kg bw); urolithiatic control (0.75% ethylene glycol and 1.0% ammonium chloride in drinking water); apigenin (0.005, 0.01, and 0.02 g/kg bw) plus ethylene glycol and ammonium chloride; and cystone (0.75 g/kg bw) plus ethylene glycol and ammonium chloride. At the end of 28th day of treatment,animals were sacrificed for biochemical and histopathological assays.
KEY FINDINGS: Our results indicated that the apigenin treatment decreased the formation of urinary stones in urolithiatic rats. Also, apigenin reduced the generation of malondialdehyde and enhanced antioxidant enzymes activities in the kidney homogenate of rats. It also caused a significant decrease in the calcium oxalate crystals numbers in urinary sample of rats with ethylene glycol-induced hyperoxaluria. These findings were supported by histopathological examinations.
SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the results obtained, apigenin attenuate ethylene glycol-related kidney damage in male Wistar rats. Although the underlying mechanism of apigenin effect has not been determined, reduction of urinary levels of stone-producing constituents, antioxidant activities, and inhibition of TGF-β signaling may be involved.