The protective effect of chrysin against carbon tetrachloride-induced kidney and liver tissue damage in rats.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2020 Apr 30:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 30. PMID: 32349632
Burcu Gul Baykalir
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effects of chrysin on oxidative status and histological alterations against carbon tetrachloride (CCl)-induced liver and kidney tissue in rats. The animals were randomly divided into four groups; the control, chrysin (100 mg/kg), CCl(0.5 ml/kg) and chrysin + CClgroups. Liver and kidney injuries were assessed by biochemical and histopathological examinations. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were measured in tissues. Serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), urea, and creatinine levels were also measured in blood samples. MDA, serum TNF-α, AST, ALT, urea, and creatinine levels (p < 0.05) were significantly higher, and SOD activity and GSH level were significantly (p < 0.05) lower in the CClgroup than in the control group. Treatment with chrysin in the chrysin + CClgroup decreased MDA, AST, ALT, creatinine, and TNF-α levels (p < 0.05), and increased SOD activity, GSH levels (p < 0.05), and serum TNF-α levels (p < 0.05). In addition, body weight change (BWC) (p < 0.05) and feed intake (FI) were significantly lower (p < 0.001) in the CClgroup than in the control group. Moreover, treatment with chrysin increased BWC and FI in the chrysin + CClgroup compared with that in the CClgroup. These findings also confirmed by histopathological examination. The chrysin treatment ameliorated the CCl-induced biochemical and pathological alterations. These results demonstrated that chrysin provided amelioration on the rat liver and kidney tissues CCl-induced injury by increasing the antioxidant activity.