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Abstract Title:

The protective effects of hesperidin and curcumin on 5-fluorouracil-induced nephrotoxicity in mice.

Abstract Source:

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22. PMID: 33886055

Abstract Author(s):

Volkan Gelen, Emin Şengül, Serkan Yıldırım, Esra Senturk, Samet Tekin, Abdulsamed Kükürt

Article Affiliation:

Volkan Gelen

Abstract:

Nephrotoxicity is a very important complication of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated cancer patients. Increased oxidative stress, kidney damage, and apoptosis play an important role in the pathogenesis of nephrotoxicity caused by 5-FU. In this study, protective effects of two natural compounds, hesperidin and curcumin, on experimentally induced kidney damage in mice with 5-FU were determined. Application of 5-FU resulted in severe histopathological changes and severe renal failure with increased serum urea and creatinine levels. Also, 5-FU-induced kidney damage, increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) activity, and glutathione (GSH) level have been demonstrated. Also, where 5-FU is in the concentration of caspase-3 and 8-OHdG immune-positive cells and therefore causes apoptosis and DNA damage in kidney tissue cells. However, especially high doses of hesperidin and curcumin treatment significantly improved 5-FU-induced oxidative stress/lipid peroxidation, apoptosis/DNA damage, and renal dysfunction. Based on these data, our results suggest that hesperidin and curcumin may be used as new and promising agents against 5-FU-induced nephrotoxicity.

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