Protective effects of melatonin against severe burn-induced distant organ injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Protective Effects of Melatonin against Severe Burn-Induced Distant Organ Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Experimental Studies.
Antioxidants (Basel). 2020 Nov 27 ;9(12). Epub 2020 Nov 27. PMID: 33261180
Dewan Md Sumsuzzman
Extensive burns result in a local wound response and distant-organ injury (DOI) caused by oxidative-stress and inflammation. Melatonin (MT) shows promise in alleviating oxidative-stress and inflammation, but its role in thermal injury is largely unexplored. The present systematic review and meta-analysis were designed to assess the effects of MT on oxidative-stress and inflammatory markers against severe burn-induced DOI. Mean difference (MD)/standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using fixed-effect/random-effects models. Eighteen experimental studies met the inclusion criteria. Compared with the control group, MT significantly decreased the levels of malondialdehyde (SMD, -1.03; 95% CI, -1.30, -0.76,<0.00001) and 4-hydroxynonenal (MD, -1.06; 95% CI, -1.57, -0.56,<0.0001). Additionally, MT increased the levels of glutathione (SMD, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.27, 2.61,<0.00001) and superoxide-dismutase (SMD, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.08, 1.45,= 0.03). Finally, MT significantly decreased the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (SMD, -1.34; 95% CI, -1.92 to -0.77;<0.00001) and C-reactive protein (MD, -12.67; 95% CI, -16.72 to -8.62;<0.00001). Meta-analysis indicates that severe burn followed by immediate MT (10 mg/kg) intervention shows significant beneficial effects after 24-h against DOI by regulating oxidative-stress and the inflammatory response.