Protective effects of Myrica rubra flavonoids against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte injury via the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK3β pathway.
Int J Mol Med. 2019 May ;43(5):2133-2143. Epub 2019 Mar 12. PMID: 30864694
Myrica rubra is well known for its delicious taste and high nutritional value. The present study investigated the potential protective effects and mechanisms of M. rubra flavonoids (MRF) extract on isoproterenol (ISO)‑induced myocardial injury in rats and hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. An in vivo study revealed that MRF decreased serum cardiac enzyme levels, ameliorated pathological heart alterations and increased the antioxidant potential. The in vitro investigation demonstrated that MRF inhibited cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, apoptosis rate and caspase‑3 activation and enhanced the Bcl‑2/Bax ratio during H/R injury. These effects were accompanied by the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt) and glycogensynthase kinase (GSK)‑3β. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that LY294002, a specific inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K), abolished the MRF‑mediated cardioprotection against H/R‑induced apoptosis and ROS overproduction. Collectively, these results suggested that MRF exertscardioprotective effects by attenuating oxidative damage and cardiomyocyte apoptosis most likely via a PI3K/Akt/GSK3β‑dependent mechanism.