Protective role of l-threonine against cadmium toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Protective role of l-threonine against cadmium toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
J Basic Microbiol. 2021 Feb 11. Epub 2021 Feb 11. PMID: 33570201
Environment and food contamination with cadmium (Cd) can cause serious toxicity, posing a severe threat to agricultural production and human health. However, how amino acids contribute to defenses against oxidative stress caused by Cd in cells is not fully understood. As a model eukaryote with a relatively clear genetic background, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been commonly used in Cd toxicity research. To gain insight into Cd toxicity and cell defenses against it, 20 amino acids were screened for protective roles against Cd stress in S. cerevisiae. The results showed that threonine (Thr, T) had the strongest protective effect against Cd-induced mortality and membrane damage in the cells. Compared to the antioxidant vitamin C (VC), Thr exhibited a higher efficacy in restoring the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity that was inhibited by Cd but not by HOin vivo. Thr exhibited evident DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) activity but weak ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-9 sulfonic acid)) scavenging activity, giving it a weaker effect against Cd-induced lipid peroxidation and superoxide radical O, compared to VC. More importantly, compared to the chelating agent EDTA, Thr showed stronger chelation of Cd, giving it a stronger protective effect on SOD against Cd than VC in vitro. The results of the in vivo and in vitro experiments revealed that the role Thr plays in cell defenses against Cd may be attributed to its protection of the SOD enzyme, predominantly through the preferential chelation of Cd. Our results provide insights into the protective mechanisms of amino acid Thr that ameliorate Cd toxicity and suggest that a supplement of Thr might help to reduce Cd-induced oxidative damage.