Psoralen attenuates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Psoralen attenuates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice through inhibiting myofibroblast activation and collagen deposition.
Cell Biol Int. 2019 Jul 22. Epub 2019 Jul 22. PMID: 31329322
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) and chronic inflammation with limited therapeutic options. Psoralen, a major active component extracted from Psoralea corylifolia L. seed, has several biological effects. However, the role of psoralen in IPF is still unclear. Here, we hypothesized that psoralen played an essential role in IPF in the inhibition of fibroblast proliferation and inflammatory response. A murine model of IPF was established by injecting bleomycin (BLM) intratracheally, and psoralen was administered for 14 days from the 7to 21day after BLM injection. Our results demonstrated that psoralen treatment reduced body weight loss and improved the survival rate of mice with IPF. Histological and immunofluorescent examination showed that psoralen alleviated BLM-induced lung parenchymal inflammatory and fibrotic alteration. Furthermore, psoralen inhibited proliferation and collagen synthesis of mouse fibroblasts and partially reversed BLM-induced expression of α-smooth muscle actin at both the tissue and cell level. Moreover, psoralen decreased the expression of transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α in the lungs of BLM-stimulated mice. Our results reveale for the first time that psoralen exerts therapeutic effects against IPF in a BLM-induced murine model.