Pterostilbene attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Pterostilbene attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury via the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase-protein kinase B signaling pathway.
Exp Ther Med. 2017 Dec ;14(6):5509-5514. Epub 2017 Oct 2. PMID: 29285084
The current study aimed to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of pterostilbene (PTB) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and identify its possible underlying mechanisms of action. A rat I/R model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min and releasing the ligature to induce reperfusion for 120 min. Serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were measured using CK-MB and LDH assay kits and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in the myocardium was evaluated using an MPO assay kit. Tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 levels were assayed using ELISA kits. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was measured using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining. Levels of protein kinase B (Akt) and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) were measured using western blotting. The results demonstrated that treatment with PTB significantly reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis, significantly increased Bcl-2 and p-Akt levels and decreased Bax expression in the hearts of rats subjected to I/R injury. However, the protective effects induced by PTB were attenuated by LY294002, which inhibits Aktactivation. The results of the current study suggest that PTB treatment may reduce the I/R injury-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, which is mediated by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway.