Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Orally administrated pterostilbene attenuates acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in a dose- and time-dependent manner in mice.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2015 Aug ;135:199-209. Epub 2015 Jun 15. PMID: 26086685

Abstract Author(s):

Yu Zhou, Xue-Mei Zhang, Ang Ma, Ya-Li Zhang, Yan-Yi Chen, Hao Zhou, Wen-Jun Li, Xin Jin

Article Affiliation:

Yu Zhou

Abstract:

Pterostilbene (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxystilbene) is a component of blueberry. It has been reported that long-term treatment with blueberry has a neuroprotective effect. However, it has not been reported whether pterostilbene is effective in attenuating cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In the present study, focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion for 90min followed by reperfusion. To observe the dose-dependent effect, pterostilbene (2.5-80mg/kg, ig) was administered for 3days before ischemia. To determine the time-dependent effect, pterostilbene (10mg/kg, ig) was administered as a single dose at 0, 1, or 3h after reperfusion. Twenty-four hours after I/R, pterostilbene dose-dependently improved neurological function, reduced brain infarct volume, and alleviated brain edema. The most effective dose was 10mg/kg; the therapeutic time window was within 1h after I/R and treatment immediately after reperfusion showed the best protective effect. The protective effect is further confirmed by the results that post-ischemic treatment with pterostilbene (10mg/kg) significantly improved motor function, alleviated blood brain barrier disruption, increased neurons survival and reduced cell apoptosis in cortical penumbra after cerebral I/R. We also found that pterostilbene (10mg/kg) significantly reversed the increased content of malondialdehyde and the decreased activity of superoxide dismutase in the ipsilateral hemisphere. Furthermore, pterostilbene decreased the oxidative stress markers 4-hydroxynonenal and 8-hydroxyguanosine positive cells in the cortical penumbra. All these findings indicate that pterostilbene dose- and time-dependently exerts a neuroprotective effect against acute cerebral I/R injury. This neuroprotective effect of pterostilbene may be associated with its inhibition of oxidative stress and subsequent neuronal apoptosis in the cortical penumbra.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.