Puerarin enhances the anti-tumor effect of cisplatin on drug-resistant A549 cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Puerarin Enhances the Anti-Tumor Effect of Cisplatin on Drug-Resistant A549 Cancer in vivo and in vitro Through Activation of the Wnt Signaling Pathway.
Cancer Manag Res. 2020 ;12:6279-6289. Epub 2020 Jul 24. PMID: 32801873
Objective: The effect of PUE on enhancing the anti-cancerous efficacy of DDP on drug-resistant A549/DDP cancer and the underlying mechanisms were thoroughly investigated.
Materials and Methods: The cytotoxicity of PUE, DDP, and PUE + DDP to A549 cells and A549/DDP cells, respectively, is determined by cell apoptosis experiments. Anti-proliferation effect of PUE, DDP, and PUE + DDP on A549 cells and A549/DDP cells is evaluated by the cell cloning assay. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the levels of PUE, DDP, and PUE + DDP of cell proliferation-related genes and proteins expressions in A549/DDP cells are determined by Western blot assay. The levels of VEGF in A549/DDP cells after different treatment strategies are determined by ELISA assay. Qualitative and quantitative determination of VEGF expression in tumor tissues are done by immunohistochemical staining.
Results: In vitro cellular experiments revealed that co-incubation of A549/DDP cells with PUE and DDP led to a dramatically decreased cell viability and cell survival rate compared with the cells only treated by DDP. Such a stimulating effect of PUE on DDP was further confirmed in vivo with results shown that the A549/DDP cancer-bearing mice treaded by combination therapy achieved the lowest tumor growth rate and longest survival time.
Conclusion: Taking these results together, we can draw the conclusion that the PUE enhances the anti-tumor effect of DDP on the drug-resistant A549 cancer in vivo and in vitro through activation of the Wnt signaling pathway.