Puerarin inhibits the development of osteoarthritis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Puerarin inhibits the development of osteoarthritis through antiinflammatory and antimatrix-degrading pathways in osteoarthritis-induced rat model.
Phytother Res. 2020 Dec 22. Epub 2020 Dec 22. PMID: 33350519
Puerarin is an isoflavone isolated from the medicinal plant Pueraria lobata. The purpose of this study was to study the antiinflammatory and antimatrix-degrading effects of puerarin in a rat osteoarthritis (OA) model and its protective effects on joints. The rat OA model was established by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) surgery. Rats (n = 40) were divided into nontreated OA, OA + celecoxib (2.86 mg/kg), OA + puerarin (50 and 100 mg/kg), and control groups. Two weeks after surgical induction, puerarin was administered by gavage daily for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, macroscopic observation and histopathological images showed that cartilage damage was reduced after puerarin and celecoxib treatment, the intensity of Safranin O staining was high, and the OARSI scores were significantly reduced compared to the OA group. Puerarin reduced the expression of MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS-5, and COX-2 in the cartilage tissue of ACLT rats, inhibited the production of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α inflammatory factors, increased Type II collagen content, and altered the expression of serum OA cartilage degradation/bone turnover biomarkers (CTX-I, CTX-II, COMP, and PIINP). Based on these findings, we speculate that puerarin supplement to attain recovery from OA damage.