Puerarin Inhibits the PERK-eIF2[Formula: see text]-ATF4-CHOP Pathway through Inactivating JAK2/STAT3 Signal in Pancreatic beta-Cells.
Am J Chin Med. 2021 Sep 6:1-16. Epub 2021 Sep 6. PMID: 34488550
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease with excessive loss of pancreatic islet [Formula: see text]-cells. Accumulating evidence indicated that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress played a critical role in [Formula: see text]-cells loss, leading to T1D. Therefore, promoting the survival of pancreatic [Formula: see text]cells would be beneficial for patients with T1D. Puerarin is a natural isoflavone that has been demonstrated to be able to decrease blood glucose in patients with T1D. However, it remains unknown whether puerarin improves ER stress to prevent [Formula: see text]-cells from apoptosis. Here, we sought to investigate the role of puerarin in ER stress-associated apoptosis and explore its underlying mechanism in the mouse insulinoma cell line (MIN6). Flow cytometry and cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) experiments showed that puerarin caused a significant increase in the viability of MIN6 cells injured by HO. Furthermore, the protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK) signal pathway, a critical branch of ER stress response, was found to be involved in this process. Puerarin inhibited the phosphorylation of PERK, subsequently suppressed the phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2[Formula: see text] (eIF2[Formula: see text], then decreased the activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) expression, ultimately attenuating ER stress to prevent MIN6 cells from apoptosis. In addition, puerarin inhibited the activation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), which suppressed the PERK signal cascade with decreased ATF4 and CHOP levels. Taken together, our results firstly demonstrated that puerarin could prevent MIN6 cells from apoptosis at least in part by inhibiting the PERK-eIF2[Formula: see text]-ATF4-CHOP axis under ER stress conditions, which might be mediated by inactivation of the JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway. Therefore, investigating the mechanism underlying the effects of puerarin might highlight the potential roles of puerarin developing into an antidiabetic drug.