Puerarin may support myocardial regenerative processes. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Puerarin facilitates T-tubule development of murine embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2014 ;34(2):383-92. Epub 2014 Jul 11. PMID: 25059232
AIMS: The embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (ES-CM) is one of the promising cell sources for repopulation of damaged myocardium. However, ES-CMs present immature structure, which impairs their integration with host tissue and functional regeneration. This study used murine ES-CMs as an in vitro model of cardiomyogenesis to elucidate the effect of puerarin, the main compound found in the traditional Chinese medicine the herb Radix puerariae, on t-tubule development of murine ES-CMs.
METHODS: Electron microscope was employed to examine the ultrastructure. The investigation of transverse-tubules (t-tubules) was performed by Di-8-ANEPPS staining. Quantitative real-time PCR was utilized to study the transcript level of genes related to t-tubule development.
RESULTS: We found that long-term application of puerarin throughout cardiac differentiation improved myofibril array and sarcomeres formation, and significantly facilitated t-tubules development of ES-CMs. The transcript levels of caveolin-3, amphiphysin-2 and junctophinlin-2, which are crucial for the formation and development of t-tubules, were significantly upregulated by puerarin treatment. Furthermore, puerarin repressed the expression of miR-22, which targets to caveolin-3.
CONCLUSION: Our data showed that puerarin facilitates t-tubule development of murine ES-CMs. This might be related to the repression of miR-22 by puerarin and upregulation of Cav3, Bin1 and JP2 transcripts.