Puerarin promotes neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Botanical Drug Puerarin Promotes Neuronal Survival and Neurite Outgrowth against MPTP/MPP-Induced Toxicity via Progesterone Receptor Signaling.
Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2020 ;2020:7635291. Epub 2020 Oct 17. PMID: 33123315
Background: Progesterone receptor (PR) modulates neuroprotective and regenerative responses in Parkinson's disease and related neurological diseases.
Objectives: The present study was designed to determine whether botanical drug puerarin could exhibit neuroprotective and neurorestorative activities via PR signaling.
Methods: The neuroprotective and neurotrophic activities of puerarin were investigated in MPTP-lesioned mice and MPP-challenged primary rat midbrain neurons. Rotarod performance test and tail suspension test were used to assess motor functions. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and PR were determined by immunostaining, Western blotting, and luciferase reporter assays. Neurite outgrowth was assessed by fluorescence staining and immunostaining.
Results: Puerarin effectively ameliorated the MPTP-induced motor abnormalities in MPTP-lesioned mice and protected primary rat midbrain neurons against MPP-induced toxicity via PR signaling although progesterone exhibited the neuroprotection. PR antagonist mifepristone (RU486) diminished the neuroprotection of puerarin in MPTP-lesioned mice and MPP-induced primary rat midbrain neurons. Moreover, puerarin promoted the differentiation of primary rat midbrain neurons and potentiated NGF to induce neuritogenesis in PC12 cells. RU486 and PR-siRNA could inhibit the effect of puerarin. Puerarin and progesterone could enhance the PR promoter.
Conclusion: Puerarin attenuated MPTP- and MPP-induced toxicity and potentiated neurite outgrowth via PR. These results suggested that puerarin may become an alternative hormone for suppressing MPTP- and MPP-induced toxicity in neurodegenerative diseases.