Punicalagin promotes the apoptosis in human cervical cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Punicalagin promotes the apoptosis in human cervical cancer (ME-180) cells through mitochondrial pathway and by inhibiting the NF-kB signaling pathway.
Saudi J Biol Sci. 2020 Apr ;27(4):1100-1106. Epub 2020 Mar 4. PMID: 32256171
Increasing attention of plant derived therapeutic agents against cancer, investigating the anti-proliferative efficiency of plant derived chemicals have achieved increasing momentum for the design of anticancer drug. Punicalagin, dietary phytochemical altered the various cell signal transduction pathways associated with cell apoptosis and proliferation. This investigation was intended to examine the efficiency of punicalagin lying on cell viability so as to examine the molecular based punicalagin mechanism stimulated apoptosis via exploring the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins, and caspases also the cell cycle regulatory proteins p53 and NF-κB signaling in human cervical cancer cells. We also analyzed the morphological characteristic changes through mitochondrial membrane depolarization, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, TUNEL assay, AO/EtBr analysis in cervical cancer cells. Our findings demonstrated that punicalagin repressed the viability of cervical cancer cells in a dosereliant mode via stimulating mitochondrial mediated apoptosis. Moreover, our this study demonstrated that punicalagin blocked cervical cancer cell proliferation and stimulated cell apoptosis by suppressing NF-kappa B activity. Hence our study suggested that punicalagin exhibits opposing actions on NF-kappa B signaling networks to block cancer cell progression acts as a classical candidate for anticancer drug designing.