Effect of purple sweet potato anthocyanins on beta-amyloid-mediated PC-12 cells death by inhibition of oxidative stress.
Neurochem Res. 2010 Mar ;35(3):357-65. Epub 2009 Sep 22. PMID: 19771514
Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) is known to induce the redox imbalance, mitochondrial dysfunction and caspase activation, resulting in neuronal cell death. Treatment with antioxidants provided a new therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Here we investigate the effects of purple sweet potato anthocyanins (PSPA), the known strong free radical scavengers, on Abeta toxicity in PC12 cells. The results showed that pretreatment of PC12 cells with PSPA reduced Abeta-induced toxicity, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and lipid peroxidation dose-dependently. In parallel, cell apoptosis triggered by Abeta characterized with the DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activity were also inhibited by PSPA. The concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) and membrane potential loss associated with cell apoptosis were attenuated by PSPA. These results suggested that PSPA could protect the PC-12 cell from Abeta-induced injury through the inhibition of oxidative damage, intracellular calcium influx, mitochondria dysfunction and ultimately inhibition of cell apoptosis. The present study indicates that PSPA may be a promising approach for the treatment of AD and other oxidative-stress-related neurodegenerative diseases.