Purslane and Garden Cress Seeds as Source of Unconventional Edible Oils for Prevention of Hyperlipidemia.
Pak J Biol Sci. 2019 Jan ;22(11):537-544. PMID: 31930832
Doha Abdou Mohamed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hyperlipidemia (HLP) is a leading cause for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Insufficient physical activity and unhealthy diet plays an important role in the progression of HLP. The present study was conducted to investigate the protective effect of 2 unconventional edible oils (purslane and garden cress) on hyperlipidemia.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diet high in fat and cholesterol was used as inducer of hyperlipidemia in rats for 5 weeks. Plasma and hepatic lipid profile were assessed. Plasma levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) as lipid peroxidation indicator was determined. Liver transaminases (AST and ALT) as liver function indicator and kidney function (creatinine and urea) were evaluated.
RESULTS: Results clarified significant elevation in plasma and liver lipid profiles, MDA, liver enzymes (AST and ALT) and kidney function (creatinine and urea) in hyperlipidemic control compared to normal control. Supplementation with purslane and garden cress seeds oils either in diet or oral showed significant improvement in all the studied parameters.
CONCLUSION: Purslane and garden cress oils investigated in the current study produced significant reduction and elevation in bad and good cholesterol, respectively in plasma. Also both oils reduced hepatic lipid accumulation effectively in hyperlipidemia model in rats. Oils administration reduced plasma malondialdehyde and improves liver and kidney functions.