Quercetin has a protective effect on atherosclerosis via enhancement of autophagy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Quercetin has a protective effect on atherosclerosis via enhancement of autophagy in ApoEmice.
Exp Ther Med. 2019 Oct ;18(4):2451-2458. Epub 2019 Aug 5. PMID: 31555357
The present study examined the involvement of autophagy as a mechanism in the protective effect of quercetin (QUE) on atherosclerosis (AS) in ApoEmice. An AS model was established by feeding ApoEmice a high-fat diet (HFD). Mice were divided into four experimental groups: The model, QUE, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and QUE + 3-MA groups. Additionally, age-matched wild-type C57BL/6 mice were used as a Control group. Autophagosomes in the aorta were examined using a transmission electron microscope. Aorta pathology, serum lipid accumulation and collagen deposition were determined by hematoxylin and eosin, Oil Red O and Masson staining, respectively. The levels of cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) were measured using ELISA assays. Protein levels of mTOR, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3a (LC3), P53 and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (P21) in the aorta were analyzed using western blotting. ApoEmice which were fed HFD exhibited substantial AS pathology, no autophagosomes, higher levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-18 and mTOR and lower ratios of LC3 II/I. All these alterations were ameliorated and aggravated by QUE and 3-MA treatment, respectively. The inhibition of AS by QUE may be associated with the enhancement of autophagy and upregulation of P21 and P53 expression.