Quercetin protects against oxidative stress-related renal dysfunction by cadmium in rats. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Quercetin protects against oxidative stress-related renal dysfunction by cadmium in rats.
Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2010 Sep;62(5):471-81. Epub 2009 Jul 16. PMID: 19615871
Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective role of the dietary flavonoid quercetin on cadmium (Cd)-induced nephrotoxicity using biochemical and histopathological approaches. In experimental rats oral administration of CdCl(2) (5mg/kg) for 4 weeks significantly induced renal damage which was evident from the increased levels of serum urea, uric acid and creatinine with a significant (p<0.05) decrease in creatinine clearance. Cd also significantly (p<0.05) decreased the levels of urea, uric acid and creatinine in urine. Cd-induced oxidative stress in kidney tissue was indicated by the increased levels of renal lipid peroxidation markers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and lipid hydroperoxides) and protein carbonyl content with a significant (p<0.05) decrease in non-enzymatic (total sulphydryl group, reduced glutathione, vitamin C and vitamin E) and enzymatic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR) and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)). Moreover the kidneys of Cd-treated rats showed tubular necrosis, degeneration, dilation, desquamation, thickening of basement membrane and luminal cast formation. Quercetin treatment markedly attenuated the Cd-induced biochemical alterations in serum, urine and renal tissue. Quercetin also ameliorated the Cd-induced pathological changes when compared with Cd-alone-treated group. These data indicate that the natural dietary antioxidant quercetin might have protective effect against Cd-induced nephrotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats.