The Efficacy of Low-Level Laser Therapy in the Treatment of Bell's Palsy in Diabetic Patients.
J Lasers Med Sci. 2020 ;11(3):310-315. Epub 2020 Jun 21. PMID: 32802293
The most common causes of the abrupt onset of unilateral facial weakness are stroke and Bell's palsy. The drug regimen together with electrical stimulation was more effective in treating Bell's palsy than conventional drug treatment alone. We aimed to evaluate more effective and safe therapies for the treatment of Bell's palsy.This clinical interventional study was conducted on 30 diabetic patients with Bell's palsy who referred to a pain clinic for 1 year and were treated by low-level laser (LLL). The system of House-Brackmann was used for assessing the severity of nerve damage and patients were evaluated by electromyography and nerve conduction study (NCS) before and after treatment with low-level laser. These patients had not consumed any other medication for facial nerve palsy.In the present study, 30 cases with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (18 females and 12 males) were studied. After 12 sessions of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), we could observe complete recovery in 18 patients and partial recovery in 6 patients after 3 months.The recovery rate showed that LLLT is a safe, reliable and proper alternative approach for the treatment of facial nerve palsy, especially in the presence of underlying conditions such as diabetes mellitus.