Redox regulation of plant stem cell fate. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Redox regulation of plant stem cell fate.
EMBO J. 2017 10 2 ;36(19):2844-2855. Epub 2017 Aug 24. PMID: 28838936
Despite the importance of stem cells in plant and animal development, the common mechanisms of stem cell maintenance in both systems have remained elusive. Recently, the importance of hydrogen peroxide (HO) signaling in priming stem cell differentiation has been extensively studied in animals. Here, we show that different forms of reactive oxygen species (ROS) have antagonistic roles in plant stem cell regulation, which were established by distinct spatiotemporal patterns of ROS-metabolizing enzymes. The superoxide anion (O2·-) is markedly enriched in stem cells to activateand maintain stemness, whereas HOis more abundant in the differentiating peripheral zone to promote stem cell differentiation. Moreover, HOnegatively regulates O2·- biosynthesis in stem cells, and increasing HOlevels or scavenging O2·- leads to the termination of stem cells. Our results provide a mechanistic framework for ROS-mediated control of plant stem cell fate and demonstrate that the balance between O2·- and HOis key to stem cell maintenance and differentiation.