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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Reduced ambient PMbetter lung function, and decreased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Abstract Source:

Environ Int. 2021 Jun 18 ;156:106706. Epub 2021 Jun 18. PMID: 34153892

Abstract Author(s):

Yacong Bo, Ly-Yun Chang, Cui Guo, Changqing Lin, Alexis K H Lau, Tony Tam, Xiang Qian Lao

Article Affiliation:

Yacong Bo

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Several studies reported that long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) was associated with an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It remains unclear whether reduced PMcan decrease the risk of COPD development.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of dynamic changes (including deterioration and improvement) in long-term exposure to ambient PMwith changes in lung function and the incidence of COPD.

METHODS: A total of 133,119 adults (aged 18 years or older) were recruited in Taiwan between 2001 and 2014. All participants underwent at least two standard medical examinations including spirometry test. We estimated PMconcentrations using a high-resolution (1 km) satellite-based spatio-temporal model. The change in PM(ΔPM) was defined as the difference in concentration of PMbetween the respective visit and the previous visit. We used a multivariable mixed linear model and time-varying Cox model to investigate the associations of change in PMwith annual change of lung function and the incidence of COPD, respectively.

RESULT: The PMconcentration in Taiwan increased during 2002-2004 and began to decrease around 2005. Every 5-µg/m/year decrease in the annual change of PM(i.e.,ΔPM/year of 5 µg/m/year) was associated with an average increase of 19.93 mL/year (95 %CI: 17.42,22.43) in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV), 12.76 mL/year (95 %CI: 9.84,15.66) in forced vital capacity (FVC), 70.22 mL/s/year (95 %CI: 64.69,76.16) in midexpiratory flow between 25 and 75% of the forced vital capacity (MEF25-75), 0.27%/year (95 %CI: 0.21%, 0.32%) in FEV/FVC/year. Every 5 µg/mdecrease in PM(i.e.,ΔPMof 5 µg/m) was associated with a 12% (95 %CI: 7%, 17%) reduced risk of COPD development. The stratified and sensitivity analyses generally yielded similar results.

CONCLUSION: An improvement in PMpollution exposure was associated with an attenuated decline in lung function parameters of FEV, FVC, MEF25-75, and FEV/FVC, and a decreased risk of COPD development. Our findings suggest that strategies aimed at reducing air pollution may effectively combat the risk of COPD development.

Study Type : Human Study

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