Reducing Anxiety and Improving Engagement in Health Care Providers Through an Auricular Acupuncture Intervention.
Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2018 Mar/Apr;37(2):87-96. PMID: 29381504
Teresa M Buchanan
BACKGROUND: Stress and anxiety are experienced by health care providers as a consequence of caregiving and may result in physical, emotional, and psychological outcomes that negatively impact work engagement.
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether auricular acupuncture can reduce provider anxiety and improve work engagement.
METHODS: Study participants received 5 auricular acupuncture sessions within a 16-week period utilizing the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol for treating emotional trauma. Each participant completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) prior to their first session and again after their fifth treatment.
RESULTS: Significant reductions were found in state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), as well as significant increases in the overall scores on the UWES as compared with baseline. Only the dedication subcategory of the UWES showed significant improvement.
CONCLUSIONS: Engagement has been linked to increased productivity and well-being and improved patient and organizational outcomes. Providing effective strategies such as auricular acupuncture to support health care providers in reducing anxiety in the workplace may improve engagement.