Effects of Regular Exercise on Diabetes-Induced Memory Deficits and Biochemical Parameters in Male Rats.
J Mol Neurosci. 2020 Oct 1. Epub 2020 Oct 1. PMID: 33000398
Seyed Asaad Karimi
The main objective of current work was to determine the effects of treadmill-running and swimming exercise on passive avoidance learning (PAL) and blood biochemical parameters in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Male Wistar rats were divided into the following 6 groups (N = 6-8 per group): CON, healthy rats without exercise (N = 8); STZ, diabetic rats without exercise (N = 8); CON-SE, healthy rats subjected to swimming exercise (2 months; N = 6); STZ-SE, diabetic rats subjected to swimming exercise (2 months; N = 7); CON-TE, healthy rats subjected to treadmill exercise (2 months; N = 8); STZ-TE, diabetic rats subjected to treadmill exercise (2 months; N = 8). Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg STZ. Our results showed that STZ decreased the step-through latency in the retention test (STLr) andincreased the time spent in the dark compartment (TDC) when compared with the CON group. However, treadmill-running and swimming exercise in STZ-treated rats increased the STLr and decreased the TDC when compared with STZ-treated rats without exercise in PAL. Blood low-density lipoprotein (LDL) andtriglyceride (TG) levels in the STZ group were significantly higher than those in the CON group, whereas plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and levels of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were lower in the STZ group compared with the CON group. The levels of LDL and TG decreasedand the levels of TAC, CAT, and GPx increased in the exercise groups in comparison with the STZ group. The present results indicate that regular exercise enhances learning and memory in diabetic rats and that these effects may occur through activation of the antioxidant system.