[Regulation ofα-tocopherol on NFκB and Nrf2 signaling pathway at early stage of N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine⁃induced human esophageal cell carcinogenesis].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2015 Jun ;49(6):546-53. PMID: 26310342
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulation ofα-Tocopherol on NFκB and Nrf2 signaling pathway at early stage of N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBzA)-induced human esophageal carcinogenesis.
METHODS: Human normal esophageal HET-1A cells were treated with NMBzA at 50µmol/L, 100 µmol/L for 24 h to intimate the initiation of esophageal carcinogenesis. For intervention groups, HET-1A cells were pre-treated with α-T at 25, 50, 100 µmol/L for 3 h and then co-treated with NMBzA (100 µmol/L) for 24 h. In comparison with HET-1A cells, human esophageal cancer EC109cells were treated with α-T at corresponding concentrations. Cells treated with 0.1% DMSO were used as negative control. Immunofluorence staining was used for the determination of distribution and activation of NFκB p65 and Nrf2 in the cell. Real time PCR and Western blot were used to determine the expression levels of target genes including cyclinD1, KI67, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cyclo-oxygen-ase 2 (COX2), 5LOX, HO-1, NQO1 and GCLC. Flow cytometry was utilized to analyze the reactive oxygen species contents in the cells.
RESULTS: As compared to the control group (1.00± 0.08), the expression of CyclinD1 (2.99 ± 0.15), KI67 (2.35 ± 0.38) and PCNA (2.46 ± 0.25) in HET-1A were all markedly increased by NMBzA treatment (F values were 97.23, 65.28, 34.62, P<0.001). Also, the proportion of cells with nucleus translocation of NFκB p65 (71.0%, 98/138) or Nrf2 (36.3%, 49/135) were significantly increased (χ² values were 194.71, 133.72, P<0.001), and the expression of COX2 (3.22± 0.17), 5LOX (2.87 ± 0.12) as well as HO-1 (1.87 ± 0.22), NQO1 (2.14 ± 0.08), GCLC (2.63 ± 0.41) at protein levels were elevated (F values were 72.35, 43.87, 69.23, 71.34, 85.79, P values were 0.013, 0.015, 0.010, 0.011, 0.002). Under the treatment with 50 µmol/L α-T, comparing with the control group(59.1%,65/110),the nuclear translocation of NFκB p65 (77.7%, 8/104) was clearly inhibited (χ² = 148.1, P<0.001), and protein expression levels of COX2 (0.74± 0.19) and 5LOX (0.42 ± 0.13) were decreased (F values were 56.31, 73.25, P values were 0.003, 0.001). However, no changes on Nrf2 signaling pathway were observed; α-T showed little impact on NFκB or Nrf2 pathway in EC109 cells.
CONCLUSIONS: At the early stage of NMBz-induced esophageal cancer,α-T could block the initiation of carcinogenesis through suppressing the activation of NFκB signaling pathway. It might be the major mechanism by which α-T is potentially chemopreventive to esophageal cancer. During the progression of esophageal cancer, the cells may acquire the adaptive functions to accommodate oxidative stress via activating Nrf2 pathway.