A report of 2 cases of myopericarditis after Vaccinia virus (smallpox) immunization. - GreenMedInfo Summary
A report of 2 cases of myopericarditis after Vaccinia virus (smallpox) immunization.
WMJ. 2011 Dec ;110(6):291-4. PMID: 22324207
BACKGROUND: To counter the possibility of smallpox being used as a biological weapon, in 2002 the US government restarted a smallpox vaccination campaign. Myopericarditis is a possible cardiac complication of smallpox vaccination. We report 2 cases of vaccine-associated myopericarditis in military recruits who were treated at our facility. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and electrocardiographic changes of pericarditis, with a recent history of smallpox vaccination, were useful in making the diagnosis of probable post-vaccinial myopericarditis. Nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were used to manage myopericarditis. Both patients had complete resolution of symptoms and electrocardiographic changes and subsequently returned to active duty.
CONCLUSION: Myopericarditis should be suspected when patients with recent history of smallpox vaccination present with chest pain or shortness of breath. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are useful in the management of post-vaccinial myopericarditis.