Effect of Black Grape Seed Extract (Vitis vinifera) on Biofilm Formation of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus.
Curr Microbiol. 2019 Dec 5. Epub 2019 Dec 5. PMID: 31807847
Alia Hussein Al-Mousawi
Grape seeds are considered one of the most important sources for phenolic and other compounds and is globally consumed for the biological value of its active ingredients. The increasing prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-related infections has become a very challenging health issue worldwide. This work aims at examining the antibacterial activity of alcoholic extract of black grape seeds (Vitis vinifera) against biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus. Staphylococcal bacterial isolates were first clinically confirmed using the VITEK-2compact system (ID and AST), and four isolates were selected depending on virulence and resistance to different types of antibiotics. The ability of S. aureus and S. haemolyticus isolates to form biofilm was examined using a standardized 96-well microtiter plate method. Furthermore, the effect of Moxifloxacin and Penicillin G with MIC, sub-MIC and sub-sub-MIC in preventing S. aureus and S. haemolyticus biofilm production, as well as that of the grape seed extract (180 mg/ml) were tested against biofilm formation. Our data indicate that all of the Staphylococcal bacterial isolates were able to produce biofilm which was prevented by the methanolic extracts of the crude seeds of Vitis vinifera rich in galloylated catechin esters of gallic acid. A significant (P < 0.001) synergistic effect between Penicillin G, Moxifloxacin with MIC, sub-MIC and sub-sub-MIC and that of the methanolic extract of Vitis vinifera (180 mg/ml) against bacterial biofilm formation was also detected. This report confirms the antibacterial activity of the methanolic extract of theblack grape seeds.