Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Toxoplasma Gondii Infection and Depression: A Case-Control Seroprevalence Study.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp). 2016 Jun 24 ;6(2):85-9. Epub 2016 Apr 25. PMID: 27429790

Abstract Author(s):

Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Luis Omar Berumen-Segovia, Yazmin Elizabeth Torres-Prieto, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Alma Rosa Pérez-Álamos, María Nalleli Ortiz-Jurado, Gabriel Molotla-de-León, Isabel Beristain-García, Elizabeth Rábago-Sánchez, Oliver Liesenfeld

Article Affiliation:

Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel

Abstract:

We assessed the association of Toxoplasma gondii infection and depression in a sample of psychiatric patients and control subjects without depression. We performed an age- and gender-matched case-control study of 89 patients suffering from depression attended in a public psychiatric hospital in Durango City, Mexico and 356 control subjects without depression from the general population of the same city. Participants were tested for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies using enzyme-linked immunoassays. Anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies were found in 11 (12.4%) of the 89 cases and in 22 (6.2%) of the 356 controls (OR = 2.14; 95% CI: 1.00-4.59; P = 0.04). Anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies were found in four (19%) of 21 anti-T. gondii IgG seropositive controls but not in 11 anti-T. gondii IgG seropositive cases (P = 0.27). Patients aged 30 years old and younger had a significantly higher seroprevalence of T. gondii infection than controls of the same age group (P = 0.001). Results of the present study suggest a potential association between T. gondii infection and depression. Furthers studies to confirm our results and to determine the epidemiology of T. gondii in young depressed patients should be conducted.

Study Type : Human Study

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