Resveratrol alleviates alveolar epithelial cell injury induced by hyperoxia by reducing apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2020 Nov 20:1535370220975106. Epub 2020 Nov 20. PMID: 33215523
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a severe and long-term pulmonary disease in premature infants. Hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury plays a critical role in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Resveratrol is a polyphenolic phytoalexin and a natural agonist of Sirtuin 1. Many studies have shown that resveratrol has a protective effect on hyperoxia-induced lung damage, but its specific protective mechanism is still not clear. Further exploration of the possible protective mechanism of resveratrol was the main goal of this study. In this study, human alveolar epithelial cells were used to establish a hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury cell model, and resveratrol (Res or R), the Sirtuin 1 activator SRT1720 (S) and the Sirtuin 1 inhibitor EX-527 (E) were administered to alveolar epithelial cells, which were then exposed to hyperoxia to investigate the role of Res in mitochondrial function and apoptosis. We divided human alveolar epithelial cells into the following groups: (1) the control group, (2) hyperoxia group, (3) hyperoxia+Res20 group, (4) hyperoxia+Res20+E5 group, (5) hyperoxia+Res20+E10 group, (6) hyperoxia+S2 group, (7) hyperoxia+S2+E5 group, and (8) hyperoxia+S2+E10 group. Hyperoxia-induced cell apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction were alleviated by Res and SRT1720. Res and SRT1720 upregulated Sirtuin 1, PGC-1α, NRF1, and TFAM but decreased the expression of acetyl-p53 in human alveolar epithelial cells that were exposed to hyperoxia. These findings revealed that Res may alleviated hyperoxia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in alveolar epithelial cells through the SIRT1/PGC-1a signaling pathway. Thus, Sirtuin 1 upregulation plays an important role in lung protection.