Resveratrol alleviates chronic"real-world"ambient particulate matter-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in mice.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2019 Oct 30 ;182:109425. Epub 2019 Jul 8. PMID: 31295660
BACKGROUND: Inhalation ofﬁne particulate matter (PM) induces the occurrence of lung inflammation and fibrosis, but its molecular mechanism remains unclear. Resveratrol (RES) is known to have anti-inflammatory properties in many pulmonary diseases. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect of long-term"real-world"ambient PM exposure on lung inflammation and fibrosis and further explore the protective effect and mechanism of RES.
METHODS AND RESULTS: RES (50 and 100 mg/kg.bw) was administered to C57BL/6J mice that were exposed to ambient PM for 5 months. The control group breathed filtered air without RES, and the PM group was exposed to PM without RES. The inﬂammatory cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung fibrosis were evaluatedby enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) kits and Masson's trichrome staining. The real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were used to determine the signal pathway. In vivo, PM exposure markedly elevated the levels of inflammatory cytokines and TGF-β1 in BALF, induced lung fibrosis. Meanwhile, PM exposure triggered autophagy process and activated the nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in lung. Also, RES treatment abolished PM-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis, and inhibited autophagic process and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. In vitro,PM-induced cytotoxicity in BEAS-2B cells dose-dependently. Besides, RES alleviated PM-induced cytotoxicity, inhibited autophagic process and NLRP3 inflammasome activity and decreased IL-1β production in BEAS-2B cells.
CONCLUSION: Long-term PM exposure induced lung inflammation and fibrosis, and RES intervention alleviated these adverse effects via inhibiting autophagy-related NLRP3 inﬂammasome activation.