Resveratrol arrests and regresses the development of pressure overload- but not volume overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats.
J Nutr. 2010 May;140(5):962-8. Epub 2010 Mar 24. PMID: 20335634
Heart Failure Research Laboratory, R2020, Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine and Department of Physiology, University of Manitoba, St. Boniface General Hospital Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Cardiac hypertrophy is a compensatory enlargement of the heart due to either volume overload (VO) and/or pressure overload (PO) that develops into heart failure if left untreated. The polyphenol resveratrol has been reported to regress PO-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats. Our aim in this study was to assess the effectiveness of resveratrol on VO-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to aortocaval shunt and abdominal aortic banding surgeries to create VO and PO, respectively; sham-operated rats served as controls. To arrest the development of cardiac hypertrophy, daily resveratrol treatment (2.5 mg/kg body weight) was started 2 d postsurgery for 26 d and assessed by echocardiography at 2, 14, and 28 d postsurgery. Similarly, to regress cardiac hypertrophy resveratrol treatment was started after structural and functional abnormalities developed (14 d postsurgery) for 14 d and assessed by echocardiography at 14 and 28 d postsurgery. VO surgeries induced eccentric hypertrophy characterized by increased left ventricle internal dimensions (LVID) without wall thickening. Conversely, PO induced concentric hypertrophy with increased wall thickness without change in LVID. Lipid peroxidation, a marker for oxidative stress, was significantly elevated in both PO and VO rats. Resveratrol treatment arrested the development and regressed abnormalities in cardiac structure and function in PO but not VO rats. Treatment with resveratrol also significantly reduced oxidative stress in cardiac tissue of PO and VO rats. The results on cardiac structure and function demonstrate a potential for resveratrol in the treatment of cardiac hypertrophy due to PO but not VO.