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Abstract Title:

Resveratrol induces apoptosis MH7A human rheumatoid arthritis synovial cells in a sirtuin 1-dependent manner.

Abstract Source:

Rheumatol Int. 2010 Aug 10. Epub 2010 Aug 10. PMID: 20697895

Abstract Author(s):

Hiroshi Nakayama, Takahiro Yaguchi, Shinichi Yoshiya, Tomoyuki Nishizaki

Article Affiliation:

Division of Bioinformation, Department of Physiology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, 663-8501, Japan.

Abstract:

Resveratrol, a phytoalexin, reduced the viability of MH7A cells, a human rheumatoid arthritis synovial cell line. In the apoptosis assay, resveratrol increased TUNEL-positive cells and stimulated H2A.X phosphorylation. Resveratrol disrupted mitochondrial membrane potentials in MH7A cells and stimulated cytochrome c release from the mitochondria to the cytosol. Resveratrol activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 but not caspase-8 in MH7A cells. Resveratrol upregulated the expression of the NAD-dependent deacetylase sirtuin 1 mRNA and downregulated the expression of the Bcl-X(L) mRNA, and resveratrol-induced MH7A cell death, mitochondrial damage, and caspase-3/-9 activation were prevented by sirtinol, an inhibitor of sirtuin 1. The results of the present study show that resveratrol induces MH7A cell apoptosis by activating caspase-9 and the effector caspase-3 along mitochondrial disruption as a result of reduced Bcl-X(L) expression, allowing cytochrome c release from the mitochondria into the cytosol, in a sirtuin 1-dependent manner. This suggests that resveratrol could suppress hyperplasia of synovial cells, a critical factor of rheumatoid arthritis.

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