Resveratrol has a protective effect against lipopolysaccharide-induced toxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Protective effect of resveratrol against LPS-induced extracellular lipoperoxidation in AR42J cells partly via a Myd88-dependent signaling pathway.
Arch Biochem Biophys. 2010 Mar 1;495(1):56-61. Epub 2009 Dec 24. PMID: 20035708
INSERM UMR-911 CRO2, Aix-Marseille Université, Faculté de Médecine-Timone, 27 Bld Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 05, France. email@example.com
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are major components of the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria implicated in the pathogenesis of bacterial infection. Resveratrol is a polyphenolic phytoalexin exhibiting antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the protective effects of this natural compound on LPS-induced proinflammatory effect using non-myeloid AR42J pancreatic cells. We found that LPS dose-dependently increased extracellular malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide without affecting their intracellular level whereas resveratrol abolished all these deleterious effects. LPS increased CD14 expression; IRAK1 and a phosphorylated form of p38 MAPK protein. Resveratrol counteracted LPS effect by decreasing CD14 and IRAK1 expression but unexpectedly increased the p38 MAPK protein phosphorylation. Altogether, our data highlighted the functionality of the TLR4-Myd88 signaling pathway in LPS pro-oxidant effect using non-myeloid cells. They further suggested that resveratrol exerted antioxidant properties either by a Myd88-dependent way not involving IRAK1 or by a TRIF dependent pathway.