Resveratrol induces apoptosis in Imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Imatinib mesylate-resistant human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell lines exhibit high sensitivity to the phytoalexin resveratrol.
FASEB J. 2008 Jun;22(6):1894-904. Epub 2008 Feb 1. PMID: 18245170
Imatinib is successfully used in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and the main mechanisms of resistance in refractory patients are now partially understood. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of action of resveratrol in imatinib-sensitive (IM-S) and -resistant (IM-R) CML cell lines. Resveratrol induced loss of viability and apoptosis in IM-S and IM-R in a time- and dose-dependent fashion. Inhibition of cell viability was detected for concentrations of resveratrol as low as 5 microM, and the IC(50) values for viability, clonogenic assays, apoptosis, and erythroid differentiation were in the 10-25 microM range. The effect of imatinib and resveratrol was additive in IM-S but not in IM-R clones in which the resveratrol effect was already maximal. The effect of resveratrol on apoptosis was partially rescued by zVAD-fmk, suggesting a caspase-independent contribution. Resveratrol action was independent of BCR-ABL expression and phosphorylation, and in agreement was additive to BCR-ABL silencing. Finally, phytoalexin inhibited the growth of BaF3 cells expressing mutant BCR-ABL proteins found in resistant patients, including the multiresistant T315I mutation. Our findings show that resveratrol induces apoptosis, caspase-independent death, and differentiation that collectively contribute to the specific elimination of CML cells. Resveratrol should provide therapeutic benefits in IM-R patients and in other hematopoietic malignancies.