Resveratrol induces SIRT1-Dependent autophagy to prevent HO-Induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in HTR8/SVneo cells.
Placenta. 2020 Jan 11 ;91:11-18. Epub 2020 Jan 11. PMID: 31941613
INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a serious complication of pregnancy, and the likely pathogenic basis of early onset PE are placental dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Resveratrol (RES) is a potent antioxidant which has shown beneficial effects in many diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of RES against oxidative stress-induced damage in trophoblasts, and elucidate the potential mechanisms.
METHODS: We established an in vitro model of oxidative stress by exposing the human first-trimester extravillous trophoblast cell line HTR8/SVneo to HO. The level of oxidative stress was reflected by ROS, MDA and SOD. The viability of cells was determined by the MTS assay. Apoptosis was detected using Annexin V-FITC staining and flow cytometry. Levels of SIRT1(sirtuin 1) and autophagy-related proteins (LC3, Beclin-1, p62) were detected by western blot. Autophagosomes were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
RESULTS: Pre-treatment with RES significantly ameliorated HO-induced cytotoxicity, morphological damage, oxidative stress and apoptosis. Mechanistically, RES restored the levels of SIRT1 and autophagy-related proteins including LC3-II, Beclin-1 and p62 that were dysregulated by HO. Blocking autophagy by 3-methyladenine (3-MA) completely abolished the protective effects of RES, as did knocking down SIRT1.
CONCLUSION: RES may protect human trophoblasts against HO-induced oxidative stress by activating SIRT1-dependent autophagy, and therefore has therapeutic potential in PE.