Resveratrol inhibits EGF-induced invasion of human lung cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Resveratrol inhibits EGF-induced invasion of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells].
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi. 2010 Apr;13(4):287-91. PMID: 20677551
Open Laboratory for Tumor Molecular Biology, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Invasion and metastasis are the primary causes of death in patients with pulmonary carcinoma. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates A549 cells invasion greatly through activating ERK and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. The aim of this study is to elucidate the inhibitory effect of Resveratrol on EGF-induced invasive ability of A549 cells in vitro and explore the molecular mechanism.
METHODS: The cytotoxicity of Resveratrol was evaluated by methyl thiazolyltetrazolium (MTT) assay. Then, the A549 cells were treated with EGF and non-cytotoxic concentration of Resveratrol. The cells' invasion were detected by Boyden chamber assay; MMP-2 activity was determined by gelatine zymography assay; the changes of the related proteins were detected by Western blot.
RESULTS: Resveratrol was not toxic to A549 cells at the concentration between 0 to 30 microM. The invasion ability of EGF-induced A549 cells was decreased after treatment with 20 microM resveratrol for 24 h, accompanied by the inhibition of MMP-2 secretion. And the levels of p-ERK1/2, PI3K (within 6 h) were suppressed too.
CONCLUSION: 20 microM Resveratrol inhibits A549 cells' invasion possibly through the suppression of the activation of ERK and PI3K-Akt signaling pathways, subsequently exerting inhibitory effect on MMP-2.